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About Reeves's Muntjacs

(English below)


山羌是一種小型的鹿科動物,以多種植物為食。他們喜好非纖維性碳水化合物含量高的葉片,不喜好高纖維的葉片,尤其避免木質素含量高的樹木葉片。山羌也被稱為「吠鹿」,因其特別的吠叫聲,當山羌受傷時會發出其他的叫聲,雖然我們沒辦法區分出山羌不同的吠叫聲。根據當地人的講述,數十年前山羌體型的大小比現在還大上許多。因此現今在竹湖村看到的成年山羌體型都較小。山羌的活動範圍大約為五公里左右。主要的活動的時間為清晨與黃昏。在過去20年中。因為竹湖生態園區內的山羌數量持續的增加,在栽種原生樹種的過程中若是沒有任何保護措施,樹木將會受到嚴重的破壞,使我們的造林工作更加困難。

英國曾經引入山羌,因沒有天敵,使山羌在英國為數量急劇增加的外來種。未來山羌可能在整個歐洲都會極為普遍,有報導指出已經可以在荷蘭看到牠們,且山羌已在比利時被引入。




Reeves's Muntjacs are small deer that feed on many different plant parts. They prefer leaves that are soft with high non-fibrous carbohydrates and avoid leaves high in lignin.  It's also called a barking deer, because it barks. They also make other calls when injured, although we haven't really distinguished between the different calls (or barks) muntjacs make. According to local knowledge, muntjacs were much larger in size decades ago, and therefore it is said now that adults are a bit smaller in Juhu Village. They have a large home-range of about 5 kilometers. They are active during the day and the night. Population numbers have kept increasing in the last 7, 10, and 20 years in JEP. Without any protection, all replantation efforts of native trees will be severely eaten. This makes our reforestation efforts ever more difficult.


They were once introduced to the UK and are now an invasive species that is growing in numbers drastically. It is also predicted that muntjacs will spread and become common all over Europe, as spottings have been reported in the Netherlands and it has been introduced in Belgium as well.


Fore more in English:


For more in Chinese:


Reference

林美峰、蘇聲欣、黃俐雯、陳建文、鄭美如、王相華. (2017). 樹木葉片營養成分對臺灣山羌攝食選擇的影響. 臺灣林業科學. 32卷3期.P237-249.

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